Ubuntu Unzip


04; unzipをインストールする. 10 0 Tips Wednesday, November 02, 2011 In this brief guide we will enlighten users with the commands needed for extracting RAR files via the terminal in Ubuntu 11. VirtualBox is a free and open-source hypervisor software, allows you to create and run a guest operating systems (“virtual machines”) such as Linux and Windows on top of the host operating system. Linux Mint is free of charge (thanks to your donations and adverts on the website) and we hope you'll enjoy it. Nagios is an open source software for system and network monitoring. I am trying to set up a dedicated gaming server, but I can't seem to get the unzip software to install (hopefully not an omen). From the terminal, change to the directory where yourfile. Starting with OMV 5. I manage to do that in Windows with winrar, but i don't know how to do it in [SOLVED] How to extract. RRAbuntu is all new and improved. 2) run the install_GUI. The official container name is uroni/urbackup-server. Reconstructor is an Ubuntu GNU/Linux CD Creator. Files ending in. usr/bin/unrar the install from apt-get didn't seem to add it to the path. apk using ubuntu system. It is also one of the older archive file format that was created in. As part of the Ubuntu project, Kubuntu uses the same underlying systems. 04 client to a Windows Domain using Power Broker Identity Services Open Edition version 8. Open up a terminal Search for the terminal application in the Dash tool (located as the topmost item in the Launcher). Ubuntu is a free, open-source platform for client, server and cloud computing. NodeBB is an open-source forum software that runs on Node. To install zip unzip package in your server - sudo apt-get install zip unzip Now you can upload the zip into your target destination folder by FTP like Filezilla or command prompt. Ubuntu Developers More information about apt-get install Advanced Package Tool, or APT, is a free software user interface that works with core libraries to handle the installation and removal of software on Debian, Ubuntu and other Linux distributions. Ubuntu is a free and open source OS for desktops, phones, tablets, servers and the cloud. It is NOT officially supported by Dell and is provided as an unofficial build for customers not able to use our officially supported builds of OMSA for RHEL and SLES. DisplayLink has not created drivers for other packages, however the Ubuntu driver contains an open source component which is designed to be modified to enable the Ubuntu driver to be repackaged for any other Linux distro by the user community. Ubuntu Linux is a full fledged Linux system trailed for the desktop. Compile from source; Download 2. 1 stable release or Get latest development code Compile instructions Open Babel can be compiled using any of MSVC++, Cygwin or MinGW. OS : Ubuntu 18. On Ubuntu, Chromium is not the default browser, and the package resides in the ‘universe’ section of the archive. Installing NGINX Open Source from a package is much easier and faster than building from source, but building from source enables you to compile in non-standard modules. To meet the demand for preloaded hardware from these areas, Canonical is committed to working closely with high-profile hardware partners around. There are several JDK implementations available for Linux, such as Oracle JDK, OpenJDK, Sun JDK, IBM JDK and GNU Java Compiler. Easily find and install new applications or remove existing installed applications with the Snap Store snap. Giving up because you don't have a GUI. Backing Up to External USB. The method described in this tutorial will work without the need of restarting your system. To create a database, you need to connect with a tool that can run Transact-SQL statements on the SQL Server. Execute some OpenCV examples. In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Invoice Ninja on an Ubuntu 18. In Ubuntu and modern operating systems, you can change the default application that is used to open a given file type easily. How to Unzip Files in Linux. Useful Shortcut Keys in Ubuntu By Damien – Posted on May 15, 2018 May 15, 2018 in Linux For those shortcut key lovers out there, here is a long list of keyboard shortcuts for Ubuntu. Because of how common the practice of zipping files has become, Ubuntu comes with built-in support for unzipping files. Thank you for helping us maintain CNET's great community. The technical font design work and implementation is being undertaken by Dalton Maag. 10 ) Unlike using VMWare Tools to enable Linux guest capabilities, the open-vm-tools package doesn't auto-mount shared VMWare folders. Kubuntu is a free, complete, and open-source alternative to Microsoft Windows and Mac OS X which contains everything you need to work, play, or share. Ubuntu Tutorials are just like learning from pair programming except you can do it on your own. FBReader is distributed under GPL so it’s included in most Linux distribution’s repository. Download the installation script install-opencv. It can be installed on almost any device and powers millions of desktops and servers around the world. Add to this that many packages may have different names due to different compile environments, and you'll see it can be a bit frustrating. Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. Daemon A lightweight service that runs in the background to interact with your Razer devices. Ubuntu is an ideal platform for facilitating affordable and innovative OPEN CAMPUS higher education technology systems. Tar short intro. A newly deployed Vultr Ubuntu 16. Query printer database. It is the default tool. Probably, the most obvious way on how to open a terminal on Ubuntu Xenial Xerus 16. Free office suite, open source, and compatible with. The Ubuntu releases in between (known as development or non-LTS releases) are supported for 9 month each. Nagios can run on Linux operating systems. Go to your OpenCV directory and execute a C++ example:. For new installs, a swap file will be used instead of a swap partition. usr/bin/unrar the install from apt-get didn't seem to add it to the path. 2 is the latest major release after launched by Oracle team. Ubuntu (pronounced "oo-boon-too") is one of the most popular desktop Linux operating systems. From the terminal, change to the directory where yourfile. Follow us Click to Subscribe. The proprietary AMDGPU-PRO drivers only support a select small subset of Linux distributions. It only takes a minute to sign up. RT @CFDdirect: In #OpenFOAM-dev, mass transfer processes are corrected in the reacting multiphase family of solvers in collaboration with @… 2 days ago; RT @CFDdirect: In #OpenFOAM-dev, the reacting multiphase family of solvers now include several corrections, tested with improved tutorials… 3 days ago. Engineers don't program whiteboards. The VIA Linux Portal aims to expand cooperation with open source communities by providing drivers, key documentation and source code for select Linux distributions to technical software developers. You can decompress or remove the compressed files by clicking onto the Extract button or click onto the Archive menu and click on the Extract command. In debian based server we can use the command “apt-get” to install the SAR utility. Discover how easy it is to install Ubuntu desktop onto your laptop or PC computer, from either a DVD or a USB flash drive. zip" located at "/var/" to the folder "/var/www/". Let me describe two of the most commonly used methods (at least by myself) in this article. Before installing Ubuntu on Windows or before the first run please open the Control Panel, visit Programs and Features' submenu Turn Windows features on. Chromium or Google Chrome Since its release in late 2008, Google's Chrome browser and its open source brother Chromium have quickly become the most popular replacement for Firefox on Ubuntu systems. Software that has already been installed will not be selected by default,. Using Terminal To Open An Application. The development is being funded by Canonical on behalf the wider Free Software community and the Ubuntu project. Ubuntu builds a unique user interface and offers the users a solid choice of tools. 04LTS, Karmic 9. If you want the latest version of Wicd when it comes out, though, you'll need to add the Wicd repository. Ubuntu Advantage is the professional support package from the experts at Canonical. The tar command will extract all the files/folders in the archive to the current directory. To run administrative tasks in Linux, you must have root (also known as superuser) access. July 19, 2018. 04 LTS operating systems. diff , and webmin-1. I have a directory of ZIP files (created on a Windows machine). There are several blogs around the internet that tries to deal with this issue but none of them seemed to do the trick for us. Note that Windows 10 S does not support running this app. Exact hits Package unzip. 04, except there are no graphical icons for Installation Type screen. It was developed by Eugene Roshal. Krok-Ubuntu - Handboogstraat 6 bus 1, 8500 Kortrijk - Rated 4. Ubuntu install of ROS Melodic. Linux basic Tutorials and howtos for Linux newbies. To open the Linux environment you installed, just open the Start menu and search for whatever distribution you installed. gz has been downloaded. ID-card software download links for all supported operating systems can be found here. Run automated tests. I recently needed to install a Linux distro (Ubuntu being my favorite) in Hyper-V on Windows 10. You have searched for packages that names contain extract in all suites, all sections, and all architectures. Ubuntu is entirely committed to the principles of open source software development; we encourage people to use open source software, improve it and pass it on. Ubuntu is officially released in three editions: Desktop, Server, and Core (for internet of things devices and robots). 2 is the latest major release after launched by Oracle team. LibreOffice has been updated to 5. ちなみに、CentOSではyumを使えばOKです。 $ sudo yum install unzip unzipでファイルを解凍する. z - uncompress the archive using gzip. What command do I need to unzip/extract a. Oracle VirtualBox 5. Asterisk is the #1 open source communications toolkit. deb package e. For Ubuntu 12. o4 LTS, comes with a default file manager by the name of Nautilus. ufw allow command use to open port in Ubuntu Firewall. There are two methods for installing Docker on Ubuntu 16. Brief: This detailed guide shows you various ways to install applications in Ubuntu Linux and it also demonstrates how to remove installed software in Ubuntu. OpenOffice for Ubuntu (64-bit) 3. Prior to Ubuntu 17. Below, you will find instructions on how to install and setup OpenManage command-line and web interfaces. Time to Complete. Originally based on. For those who aren't aware, 7zip is an award-winning, open-source file archiver that is claimed to have "a high compression ratio. After upgrading to ubuntu 11. Ubuntu is officially released in three editions: Desktop, Server, and Core (for internet of things devices and robots). /user1/user1. Avidemux is a free video editor designed for simple cutting, filtering and encoding tasks. If the unzip command isn't already installed on your system, then run: sudo apt-get install unzip After installing the unzip utility, if you want to extract to a particular destination folder, you can use: unzip file. I was googling for some information which was only available in a. Xcode uses the selected toolchain for building Swift code, debugging, and even code completion and syntax coloring. Based on Debian and Ubuntu, it provides about 30,000 packages and one of the best software managers. sudo apt-get install unzip E: Package 'unzip' has no installation candidate I have scoured Google for an answer to this, but nothing seems to work. A sudo user. unzip命令用于解压缩由 zip 命令压缩的“. Linux Unzip Multi File Archive. To install the tool, open Ubuntu terminal or press Ctrl — Alt — T on your keyboard to open the terminal app… then run the commands below. BleachBit is a free open source, powerful, feature-rich, and cross-platform software to easily and quickly clean your system, free up disk space and protect your privacy. rar files are not supported in Ubuntu MATE. Ubuntu is officially released in three editions: Desktop, Server, and Core (for internet of things devices and robots). Both terminal and GUI methods have been discussed. Linux basic Tutorials and howtos for Linux newbies. With Ubuntu we have two options: we can install the VMware Tools bundled with the Host Hypervisor or use the Open-VM-Tools. In a similar post, we’ll see how to extract audio from a video file in Ubuntu and other Linux distributions. Our opensource skills are written in Python and we have a very friendly developer community. Note: If at all possible, I’d advise using VNC instead of RDP. bz folder and open and read the README file. Feel free to ask our expert Linux Administrators to install Pip on Ubuntu 16. With our flagship service, Ubuntu Advantage, we help our customers deploy and manage Ubuntu on the desktop, server and cloud. 04, Debian 9, CentOS 7, Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 7, openSUSE 42. In Ubuntu 6. Main operation mode: -A, --catenate, --concatenate append tar files to an archive -c, --create create a new archive -d, --diff, --compare find differences between archive and file system --delete delete from the archive (not on mag tapes!) -r, --append append files to the end of an archive -t, --list list the contents of an archive --test-label. These packages are more efficient than source-based builds and are our preferred installation method for Ubuntu. How To Extract RAR Files From The Terminal Under Ubuntu 11. ONLYOFFICE is a free,multifunctional, web-based office suite that enables you to store and co-edit documents, manage projects, view email and customer relations at one place. After you log onto Ubuntu GamePack you should probably try to perform any software upgrades which may be necessary. Get the latest tutorials on SysAdmin, Linux/Unix and open source topics via RSS/XML feed or weekly email newsletter. It may be used for some newer versions of Qt and Ubuntu. It supports multi-core processor, and multiprocessor. When you switch to Linux, the experience could be overwhelming at the start. Whats is the complete process to zip and unzip a directory and. Open the Microsoft Store and choose your favorite Linux distribution. Ubuntu deb Available at: Ubuntu Downloads. Ubuntu Studio is Free and Open Source Software (FOSS), which means it is free to download and use. 10, the default system shell, /bin/sh, was changed to dash (the Debian Almquist Shell); previously it had been bash (the GNU Bourne-Again Shell). Select an image. Linux Unzip Multi File Archive. On Ubuntu 18. The application is Open Source (GPL). In this fast-changing world of containers and microservices it’s comforting that some things don’t change, such as setting up a Linux email server. It is developed by a large community and we invite you to participate too! Tags. I'm running Ubuntu 12. Execute some OpenCV examples. Easily View Images From Terminal in Ubuntu I have a quick Ubuntu tip for you today. Skip to content Ubuntu 19. The Ubuntu font family are a set of matching new libre/open fonts. 6 Ways to Open Folders in Ubuntu 18. Get up and running with the Ubuntu Data Science Virtual Machine. In this post, we will provide step by step instructions for installing OpenCV 3 (C++ and Python) on Ubuntu. Previously it was a subproject of Apache® Hadoop® , but has now graduated to become a top-level project of its own. 10, Ubuntu 19. Fortunately, we can easily add support for Zip to our installation by installing two packages(Zip, Unzip) both available from the repositories. Linux Mint is free of charge (thanks to your donations and adverts on the website) and we hope you'll enjoy it. Download Mixxx 2. bin files in Ubuntu 8. This issue only affected Ubuntu 19. The -l flag lists the files in an archive without extracting them: unzip -l www. If you want to work with zip files in Ubuntu command line interface, you will need these commands: zip and unzip. rar files on Windows as well as Ubuntu, but you can't use this program for macOS. Shows name, size, and primary functions. Some of the packages we distribute are under the GPL. 04 - x64 using a package manager. Before I start, I must point out the great progress the dev team has done in such a short time. gz - the name of the tar. Guide applicable to Xenial Xerus 16. Once done, you are all good to start and login to your Ubuntu system. “Ubuntu”), the distro’s launcher app is executed which takes care of launching a new instance or attaching to an existing instance is already open. Execute some OpenCV examples. Below is a listing of all the public mailing lists on lists. Ubuntu (pronounced "oo-boon-too") is one of the most popular desktop Linux operating systems. Ubuntu is entirely committed to the principles of open source software development; we encourage people to use open source software, improve it and pass it on. Tons Of The Intel Tiger Lake "Gen 12" Graphics Compiler Code Just Landed In Mesa 19. VirtualBox is a community effort backed by a dedicated company: everyone is encouraged to contribute while Oracle ensures the product always meets professional quality criteria. 6 LTS (Xenial Xerus) 64-bit PC (AMD64) server install image. 2 days ago · Smart storage includes an open-source toolkit for managing data centre storage. The EPUB files have the extension. Easily View Images From Terminal in Ubuntu I have a quick Ubuntu tip for you today. It's safe and reliable. How To Install And Configure Postfix To Send Mail By Using Gmail As Mail Relay In Ubuntu 16. The easiest and most convenient way to find and install software in Ubuntu is by using Ubuntu Software Center. " Aside from 7z, the tool supports several other formats. Free and open source operating system with powerful system built on Linux is what Ubuntu is all about. Download Mirrors. For example, if you are trying to unzip a file called file. 6 Ways to Open Folders in Ubuntu 18. Ubuntu Studio is the most widely used multimedia-orientated operating system in the world. A note about bash: unzip: command not found. 0 Author: Srijan Kishore. In debian based server we can use the command “apt-get” to install the SAR utility. Ubuntu is an open source software operating system that runs from the desktop, to the cloud, to all your internet connected things. Ubuntu Core is the all-snappy minimal server, and Ubuntu Personal will be the all-snappy phone / tablet / pc. THis Tutorial Video shows how to open rar files on ubuntu 13. With Ubuntu we have two options: we can install the VMware Tools bundled with the Host Hypervisor or use the Open-VM-Tools. Ubuntu loads quickly on any computer, but it's super-fast on newer machines. Below, you will find instructions on how to install and setup OpenManage command-line and web interfaces. Kubuntu is a free, complete, and open-source alternative to Microsoft Windows and Mac OS X which contains everything you need to work, play, or share. The following instructions will guide you through the process of joining an Ubuntu 14. Your donation powers our service to the FOSS community. 6 LTS (Trusty Tahr) 64-bit PC (AMD64) server install image. Download the World’s Best VPN. ; a scripted service formula, or 'charm', created with Canonical’s Juju modelling tool that enables users to remotely deploy Adaptec ARCCONF in any type of cloud. Our engineering teams work with SoC vendors to include the necessary hardware enablement code, stabilize the core system, and verify specific applications and workloads function optimally on the platform. sudo apt-get install unzip E: Package 'unzip' has no installation candidate I have scoured Google for an answer to this, but nothing seems to work. Tar is a built-in tool on all the major Linux distros including Ubuntu 18. Source Packages The files needed to build the Debian package are deb/webmin_1. The technical font design work and implementation is being undertaken by Dalton Maag. It contains all the applications you need - a web browser, presentation, document and spreadsheet software, instant messaging and much more. Ubuntu MATE 18. There are several JDK implementations available for Linux, such as Oracle JDK, OpenJDK, Sun JDK, IBM JDK and GNU Java Compiler. WUBI seems like a good way of trying Ubuntu out without risking your Windows install but there is a much cleaner way of doing this by using a virtual machine as shown in our guide of how to install Ubuntu on Windows 10. How to install Joomla on Ubuntu 14. Get 24x7 support with access to engineers with first-hand experience of your issues. Before I start, I must point out the great progress the dev team has done in such a short time. There are a number of other tools to check out! Take a look at the 100 best Ubuntu apps for you. 29 April 2014: The Apache OpenOffice project announces the official release of version 4. 0-21-generic i686) on AWS. 04 User Domain prefix problem (Solved) by brianyoung6 on Nov 23, 2015 at 18:50 UTC 1st Post. Hi, I got unrar to work but I had to use the full path to execute ie. This tutorial explains how to open apps using terminal Ubuntu. 10 ) Unlike using VMWare Tools to enable Linux guest capabilities, the open-vm-tools package doesn't auto-mount shared VMWare folders. Install OpenFire On Ubuntu. Installing and Configuring OpenvSwitch on Ubuntu 12. Get Docker EE for Ubuntu Estimated reading time: 8 minutes To get started with Docker EE on Ubuntu, make sure you meet the prerequisites, then install Docker. For example, you can use it to package and extract the following type of files: 7z, XZ, BZIP2, GZIP, TAR, ZIP, and WIM. apt-get install zip unzip -qy to have a quiet -q and more important -y to force Yes when being ask: After this operation, 1,117 kB of additional disk space will be used. And because they bundle their dependencies, they work on all major Linux systems without modification. exe for POSIX systems like Unix (Linux, Solaris, OpenBSD, FreeBSD, Cygwin, AIX, ), MacOS X and also for BeOS and Amiga. gz - the name of the tar. The open source Java is as good as the proprietary version from Oracle and easier to install and manage on Ubuntu. gz files in Ubuntu. The development is being funded by Canonical on behalf the wider Free Software community and the Ubuntu project. 10 the firefox 6 browser cannot download and open. zip-d /var/www/ The above command will unzip the file “wp-content. Linux is like this amazing solar-powered engine that can be used in a street car, in a F1 or it can be daisy chained to drive a truck or an airplane. Otherwise, choose the "show all" option and all printers made by the selected manufacturer will be listed on your screen. This program is for managing a Linux. It is not a good idea to stop or interrupt the install process once it has begun. Guide on howto extract / open RAR archives in Ubuntu 14. It is adapted to run naturally in a mobile, touch-screen environment but is also capable of functioning as a desktop computer while in "desktop mode". sudo mv /opts && unzip /opts/ Also you may specify the unzip destination to unzip so you can do this in a single command. This happens on both OSX and Ubuntu. The EPUB files have the extension. Some of them will be obvious and some of them less so. zip" located at "/var/" to the folder "/var/www/". In this tutorial, you will install and configure Unison on a pair of servers and use it backup up a directory. 0 "Barbara" was the first version to use Ubuntu as its codebase. Objective The objective of this article is to serve as a quick reference guide on how to allow incoming traffic on any TCP or UDP port using Ubuntu 18. Get the latest tutorials on SysAdmin, Linux/Unix and open source topics via RSS/XML feed or weekly email newsletter. 04, and any future version of Ubuntu. Extract Eclipse to /opt/ for global use. Józef founded and led the vkd3d project and provided insight and guidance to the Vulkan working group. 10 (Quantal Quetzal), the screenshots are almost exactly the same as 12. You are responsible for ensuring that you have the necessary permission to reuse any work on this site. An Ubuntu user space and bash shell, running natively in a Windows 10 cmd. July 19, 2018. Adobe Fonts is the easiest way to bring great type into your workflow, wherever you are. The operation of shm_open() is analogous to that of open(2). This quick tutorial shows you how to add rar support so that you can extract RAR files in Ubuntu Linux. Open Media Vault: The Linux NAS distribution (Debian based) Open Media Vault (OMV) has an UrBackup server plugin starting with OMV 3. Join the OpenOffice revolution, the free office productivity suite with over 275 million trusted downloads. You see, Canonical and Ubuntu have been a part of open source platform from the start, a founding member, the most widely used distribution, used across the largest operators, the Intel reference platform for telco OpenStack, and much more. Using Ubuntu 14. RT @CFDdirect: In #OpenFOAM-dev, mass transfer processes are corrected in the reacting multiphase family of solvers in collaboration with @… 2 days ago; RT @CFDdirect: In #OpenFOAM-dev, the reacting multiphase family of solvers now include several corrections, tested with improved tutorials… 3 days ago. unzip -P 'password' www. 04 client to a Windows Domain using Power Broker Identity Services Open Edition version 8. com is currently unusable I use nl. 64-bit PC (AMD64) server install image. One method involves installing it on an existing installation of the operating system. As a counterexample, Ubuntu 16. 10 Oneiric Ocelot. Docker Engine - Community users should go to Get Docker Engine - Community for Ubuntu instead of this topic. You can right click in ubuntu and unzip/extract it or from the terminal unzip filename. Other features that it provides include:. As you may know already, OpenMRS, Stands for Open Medical Record System, is a collaborative open source project to develop software to support the delivery of health care in developing countries. Support length. dsc , deb/webmin_1. This is our second post on compression and archiving series. Ubuntu Studio is Free and Open Source Software (FOSS), which means it is free to download and use. He also contributed to other open source projects including Mesa and Debian. Free and open source operating system with powerful system built on Linux is what Ubuntu is all about. Objective The objective of this article is to serve as a quick reference guide on how to allow incoming traffic on any TCP or UDP port using Ubuntu 18. Type your sudo password and you will have installed OpenCV. Android is an open source operating system for mobile devices and a corresponding open source project led by Google. Open Media Vault: The Linux NAS distribution (Debian based) Open Media Vault (OMV) has an UrBackup server plugin starting with OMV 3. When I try and install unzip I get the following errors: sudo apt-get install unzip Reading package lists. Getting Started. Note: The package architecture has to match the Linux kernel architecture, that is, if you are running a 64-bit kernel, install the appropriate AMD64 package (it does not matter if you have an Intel or an AMD CPU). Ubuntu is a free and open source OS for desktops, phones, tablets, servers and the cloud. Ubuntu Linux comes in a few officially recognized flavors, as well as several derivative distributions. Get the latest tutorials on SysAdmin, Linux/Unix and open source topics via RSS/XML feed or weekly email newsletter. com, reaching a wide audience of both beginner and advanced Linux users. This however will be a bit different from the command above as the zip will be kept in its current location, only the unzipped files will be extracted to the pointed destination. Dell OpenManage Ubuntu & Debian Repositories. CD images for Ubuntu 19. Puppy Linux is a collection of multiple Linux distributions, built on the same shared principles, built using the same set of tools, built on top of a unique set of puppy specific applications and configurations and generally speaking provide consistent behaviours and features, no matter which flavours you choose. How to compress any files, folders by using 7zip in Ubuntu Right-click on the files or folder you want, click on Compress option. Add the following to your ~/. 04 or later due to better driver coverage. Nagios can run on Linux operating systems. Chromium or Google Chrome Since its release in late 2008, Google's Chrome browser and its open source brother Chromium have quickly become the most popular replacement for Firefox on Ubuntu systems. Asterisk powers IP PBX systems, VoIP gateways, conference servers, and is used by SMBs, enterprises, call centers, carriers and governments worldwide. xenial (16. 0 Unported License. It's more of a stunt than practical, but this unlikely marriage of Ubuntu and Windows is interesting to play with. He was a highly talented programmer with a focus on Wine's Direct3D subsystem. Ubuntu is an open source software operating system that runs from the desktop, to the cloud, to all your internet connected things. Apache OpenOffice 4. The following instructions will guide you through the process of joining an Ubuntu 14.